There are two basic forms of assault in Maryland: (1) first degree assault, which is punishable by up to 25 years in prison, and (2) second degree assault, which carries a penalty of up to 10 years in prison and/or a maximum fine of $2,500.
Second degree assault can be proven as “intent to frighten” assault, as “attempted battery,” or as “battery.” Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law I § 3-203 (2012). In order to secure a conviction for first degree assault, the government must prove all the elements of second degree assault. In addition, it must prove: (1) that the defendant used a firearm to commit the assault, or (2) that the defendant intended to cause serious physical injury in the commission of the assault. Md. Code Ann., Crim Law I § 3-202 (2012).